Different Forms of Racism

Crossposted to 3quarksdaily

 

Americans who talk about racism usually think about anti-black racism in the United States, or perhaps about anti-Hispanic prejudice. So do many Europeans, who find it easier to criticize the treatment of black Americans by white Americans than the treatment of Muslim immigrants in Europe by white Europeans. It’s then a good idea to step back and look at racism from an international angle, examining and classifying the many forms of racism that exist in the world. African-Americans and Chinese-Malaysians are both oppressed minorities, but they’re oppressed in very different ways.

As a side note, it’s controversial whether racism requires merely prejudice, that is an “us and them” view, or also power, that is the ability to inflict harm on “them.” I’m going to deliberately circumvent that controversy. One of the points I will argue is that a prejudiced group without power can later come to power and seriously hurt other groups, often its ex-oppressors. At the same time, all examples I use here include both prejudice and power, and my classification is based both on the form of prejudice and on the form of power it uses.

Whereas Orwell’s Notes on Nationalism focus on nationalism in the academia, I prefer to focus on racism in popular opinion, in government, and in organizations that discriminate against individuals. Although academic racism obviously exists, it tends to either provide intellectual cover for real-world racism, or be so detached from real-world trends that its causes are often completely different from these of the kind of racism that really hurts people.

For example, many racial oppressions are the result of a divide-and-rule policy by a dominant elite. Landowners in colonial North America pitted poor whites against blacks; Saddam Hussein stirred Sunni-Shi’a hatred after the first Gulf War; British colonialism divided Tamils and Sinhalese in Sri Lanka. In all three cases, it’s perfectly possible that longstanding hatred would have erupted on its own, but the deliberate attempt to divide potential enemies of the regime against themselves was a catalyst.

The mention of Sunnis and Shi’as in Iraq should serve as a good example of what racism can operate on. Difference in skin color, facial features, language, religion, and heritage can all become defining features of an in-group, but any of them can be absent, as long as at least one is present. Although the racisms most familiar to Westerners get stronger when more features are present—compare the treatment of white and nonwhite minority groups in the US and Europe—this is not true in general. Serbs, Croats, and Muslims were perfectly capable of slaughtering one another in Bosnia over a difference in religion, a feature that 45 years of communist rule had come close to erasing.

It’s not quite true to say that racism is the lower class’s dignity, but it’s a good first approximation of reality. In multiracial societies with complex racial hierarchies, the groups close to the bottom tend to be the most prejudiced against those right at the bottom. It’s standard for people who feel disenfranchised by the system to vent their frustration at those the system designates as inferior to themselves; hence crude racism is most common among the lower class, just like crude sexism is most common among lower-class men. This is in fact how reversal of racism works: oppressed minorities typically adopt similar attitudes to the lower class, so when they get the opportunity to discriminate against others, they seldom miss it. This process is usually invisible because the upper class’s racism is the one that has the greatest privilege backing it, but when it becomes visible, its consequences range from the systematic anti-Tamil discrimination of Sri Lanka to the genocide of Rwanda.

The first division of different forms of racism is into those practiced by a minority and those practiced by a majority, while the second is into those coming from above, by a traditionally privileged group, and those coming from below, by a traditionally oppressed group.

Minority racism from above tends to come from an affluent minority group that views itself as special, and possibly backed by an external power; it also tends to be closely associated with imperialism. Western imperialism itself falls under that group, as does what was practiced in former settler colonies like apartheid South Africa, where whites failed to exterminate the native groups the way they did in North America. This division also includes Chinese nationalism as practiced by the Chinese diaspora, especially in Southeast Asia, which is influenced by a theory of ethnic superiority no different from Western white supremacy. Although Jews are a majority in Israel, Jewish discrimination against Arabs falls under this category, because of the Jewish self-perception of a perpetually oppressed minority group surrounded by a sea of Arabs. The single adjective that describes this group best is “aristocratic,” with “imperialist” a fairly close second.

That imperialist or supremacist form of minority racism contrasts not only with majority racism, but also with minority racism that comes from below. The Chinese racist in Indonesia is sure of his superiority to the Indonesian by virtue of his superior ethnicity; the Arab nationalist in Israel or Tamil nationalist in Sri Lanka has no such pretenses. This form can be as mild as an excessively radical desire for statehood, or as extreme as a burning desire to out-oppress the oppressor. It includes not only racism directed against the majority, but also racism directed against other groups, often of lower status. The example most familiar to Americans is probably the stereotypical mutual hatreds each immigrant group in the United States felt against the others. The single adjective that best describes this group is perhaps “victimized,” or in certain contexts even “nationalist.”

Majority racism from below is typically populist in character, and usually based on racial reversal. This includes Sinhala discrimination against Tamils, the Hutu slaughter of Tutsi Rwandans, the anti-Chinese and anti-Christian riots in Indonesia, and possibly certain anti-Semitic pogroms. In all of these cases, divide-and-rule policies by an external power—British colonialism, Belgian colonialism, Indonesian fascism, and Austrian or Russian elites respectively—caused a dispossessed majority to direct its anger at a more powerful minority group. As crude racism is most powerful among the weak and oppressed, the situation turned bloody in all cases but Sri Lanka’s, with prejudiced elites inciting the masses to slaughter, rape, and loot. Although Rwanda is the canonical and most dangerous example of this type of racism, there are two additional complications. First, the majority only has to believe that it is oppressed; Jews did not oppress gentiles in Europe, and the Chinese did not oppress Malays or Javanese in Malaysia and Indonesia. Second, at times, several groups can harm one another simultaneously, in which case it is best to classify them here: the Iraqi civil war and the Bosnian genocide are more similar to the other conflicts and discriminations in this group than to those in other groups. Although “genocidal” describes this form of racism relatively well, the most important characteristic is “populist.”

Finally, there is majority racism from above, the racism most familiar in the West. The canonical examples are anti-Semitism in most of European history, discrimination against African-Americans, discrimination against native Americans or Aborigines in North American and Australia, and discrimination against immigrants everywhere. This group is also the most diverse; anti-immigrant sentiments are different from prejudice against longstanding minorities such as European Jews or native Americans, and anti-black racism in the United States seems to be a class of its own. The main difference is that anti-immigrant sentiments largely die within two or three generations, as the immigrants assimilate, whereas the other two forms don’t; then, prejudice against established minorities is likelier to take the form of indifference, as in anti-native racism in North America and Australia, than the form of active hatred. Discrimination against black Americans is then unique because not only are blacks established but still more hated than not cared about, but also there are specific connotations of poverty and crime associated with African-Americans, which are more similar to anti-immigrant racism. All subdivisions in this group are best described as “privileged” or “systemic.”

Obviously, these four classes are not equally powerful. Racism is most hurtful when backed by plenty of power, which can come from high socioeconomic status or majority status; indeed, the most systemically harmful form is systemic racism. On the other hand, in terms of people killed, all hate crimes in the United States put together don’t come close to the death toll of a single outburst of populist racism.

There are many interesting insights one can draw, with this division of racism into four groups. For example, aristocratic and systemic racism produce pseudo-intellectual apologetics similar to apologetics for sexism; conservative intellectuals are often all too happy to construct powerful narratives demonstrating their own groups’ supremacy. White supremacists appeal to skewed studies of IQ; Chinese ones appeal to the longevity of China; Hindu fundamentalists, who are almost invariably prejudiced against India’s Muslim minority, have a nationalist narrative of Indian history that contrasts with Aryan migration theory. In contrast, nationalistic Serbs never bothered popularizing Serbian supremacy—they simply murdered Bosnians at Milosevic’s behest. It’s this observation that firmly places Jewish racism in the aristocratic group. Orwell’s description of academic nationalism fits a certain subset of racisms from above, though never racism from below.

I am not going to list all observations of this form, for space constraints. Explaining all the differences among the four groups will fill a thick book. But it’s instructive to consider the fact that not all racism is the systemic discrimination that Westerners are used to. It’s just as instructive to consider the fact that an underprivileged group can gain privilege by declaring independence and becoming a majority, as happened in Eastern Europe both after World War One and after the Cold War, or by becoming wealthy by chance, as happened to Europe’s Jews.

Finally, every prejudice carries some degree of power. Even if a prejudiced group is not powerful enough to engage in full-scale systemic racism, it always can find opportunities to discriminate, or even to kill in hatred. On the large scale, the most effective anti-racist agitation focuses on equalizing power, which also serves to reduce ethnic tensions and hence weaken the forces of prejudice. But on the individual level, prejudice is always harmful, and even collectively it generally causes more harm than it empowers. Even if the most acute racism is committed by the usual suspects that are privileged groups, every self-conscious group can become prejudiced against any other group.

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26 Responses to Different Forms of Racism

  1. T. Bailey says:

    Explaining all the differences among the four groups will fill a thick book.

    A book that would be worth writing, if you ever find the time. An excellent, thought-provoking post!

  2. [...] The traditional antiracist explanation is privilege: the majority group is privileged over the minority group, so its racism carries more power. This is good at describing how majority racism from above is more powerful than minority racism from below (see here for what “from above” and “from below” mean). But the explanation boils down to “there’s inequality because there’s inequality.” [...]

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  6. [...] are other types of racisim. Islam in Europe: Opinion: On Islamophobia and other forms of racism Different Forms of Racism Abstract Nonsense also wiki does not say that calling someone a liar would be racist. Racism – Wikipedia, the free [...]

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  8. Hacksaw says:

    The white race is hated more than any race out there. Why? They hated us back to when slavery ws active. There was nothing wrong with slavery. It was legal all over the world. In parts of the world it is still legal today. Slavery went on as far as the bible time (even though i am one that is not religious). We free them on are own good will, then gave them rights. We had no reason to free them or give them rights. They were slaves and should of been sent back to there country. However, we allowed a bunch of people to stay in America that never belong here. They should be thanking us for what we did. If it was not up to us to free them, slavery will still be going on. The papers were never actualy sign to free them and when they did free them the idea was to ship them to another country. Instead we breed them with every race to create more color and slaves. It was a stupid act to give rights to a race that we breed. It only made more of them. Did anyone think they would get us back for the slavery? They still act like we owe them something. At one time, if your family once own a slave that the black guy was family to, then he could sue you for money. Now they get a pay cheek from the government on MLK day. That to me is bull shit. The black people have been free over hundreds of years. It is time they get there act together. They want to hate us and treat us like shit for something that happen along time ago. They should be happy they were free and given rights. Women do not get upset at the fact that they had no rights at one time. White people killed and burned the jewish people and they have not hold a grudge towards us. These black people want us to feel sorry for them and make everything out to be the white mans fault. If a cop pulls the black guy over, he will call racism on it because he is black. To me the cop is doing his job, seeing as when the black people get pulled over there either in a stolden car or have drugs. Then when they attack the cop, the cop is on the stand in court facing charges againts the black guy just for doing his job. Does that seem right?

    The black people have Black History month to learn the history of there people. We can not have a white history month to learn about our people. The thing is, not all schools teach white history all year around. My future kids should learn about there race in school and not about another race. When black history month is taught in school it is to always show the black person as a hero and the white person as the bad guy. That is not how it was either. They to me our immigrants and should not have rights. When someone fights for there rights and shows signs of violence to do so only shows me that it is under the act of terrorism. Our we going give terrorist free rights in America to do what they want? Black people also have BET, (a all black T.V. channel) that shows black sitcoms, reality shows, music videos, and movies. These programs show racism towards white people all the time. They call us racist names and show pride towards that black race. The white people could never have a non racist white T.V. channel. GAC and Cmt would not be a all white T.V. Channel that we want. We can not have WET T.V. as they have BET. If we was to air a music video or T.V. show with racist stuff towards any race on a all white network they would be mad. Yet they do it.

    Black Rights have gone to far. They can have all black buildings such as a school, church or colledge. They can rasie money for colledge students that are black but we can not do that for our people. We had to open are schools to other colors. If we do not than it is racist. They can call us Cracker, Honkey, White boy, White trash without anything being done about it but we could not say Nigger, or any racist term towards another race. We can not even have a all white movie without someone jumping our case. Whites can not have a movie, sitcom, or T.V show without one black person and one gay person in it. We can see that black people are allowed all black sitcoms, T.V. shows and movies. The hate crime laws are for white people only. There is not any case of another color going to jail over a hate crime. In fact, if two white people jump a black guy it is a hate crime but not the same the other way around.

    Black people also want to rape our white women. There is no case where a white guy has ever raped a black girl but many cases the other way around. The thing is that people should open there eyes and stay with there own race so not to kill off a race. The number of white people lowers by the day due to interaction with other colors. We are killing off our own race, the smartest race, and people allow it to happen. Hitler said we are the master race and his words were true. Many see Hitler as a Racist person. I see him as a leader that wanted to rule the world with smart people. Seeing as them Jews were in the way and brought down the nation, they killed them. Hitler wanted a world with smart people and took over land right away to make his dream come true. Other country’s have done the same thing Hitler did. We may not of killed people in the same way but our own government has killed people and we had people in camps at the time of World War Two. When the government kills Americans no one looks at the president as a racist so when Himmler was killing the jews, no one should of look at Hitler as the racist. This also stands for The Confederate flag. It is not a racist flag. It stood for the southern states of America and was not racist. America has been known as a racist country for years and Columbus killed over 13 million native Americans for no reason and took there land. If the American flag is not racist than The Confederate flag should not be as well. We wave the America flag with pride. The Confederate flag should be waved with pride as well.

  9. Hacksaw says:

    I hate the idea that everywhere in America they have this “It is okay to be gay” thing. I think it is wrong rather you are religious or just do not agree. I always been taught and believe a man should be with a girl and people keep to there own race. However, all over T.V. they are trying to teach are kids about gayness. The network “Cartoon Network” is big on this. These cartoon channels are for kids and should not force wrong thoughts on them. However, shows like sponge bob, loony toons, adult swim, The Simpsons, family guy, and south park, are deep on gay activity. I agree that most of these shows are for adults, but what is to stop a kid from watching the show? Sponge bob, loony toons, and kids cartoons are talking more about gay stuff. I have a kid on they way and i am very scared that T.V. will teach my kids that gay is cool. It also teaches them that it is okay to interact with other colors and everything is the white man’s fault. Disney itself has hidden drug statments in there movies. They our trying to get our white kids to do a black thing. The fact That Disney movies have hidden sexual comments and hidden justers is going a bit far for a kids movie. If they learn sex at a young age, and they live in a area that is not white, who do you think there going have sex with? This is not just in Disney movies. T.V. itself teachs our kids sex, drugs, gayness and black history. The white men were doing good until the black people came around with the drugs. Now white people are into drugs, acting black, and they talk black. I know we can not control T.V., but I wanted to open the fact of what are kids learn. White people should not be doing drugs. While we are in jail, the black people are having sex with our women. How can you take care of a kid when your in jail for doing something a black person would? If we want to do something about our race than we need to get are act together and forget the drugs. It is not are place to be acting like a bunch of black people. If we do the drugs our kids will learn it. Who do you think they will go to to get the drugs? We should also teach our kids at a young age about white history, and if you want to teach them about sex, than teach them who they should be with. If you allow books or T.V. to influence your kids beliefs than be sure to let them know what is wrong and right. I for one will not allow my kid to watch a black cartoon or any cartoon that has the wrong belief or does not follow the rules and belief of 1488.

    The government allows everyone to speak out on how gay is okay but we can not say it is wrong. Google had to delete pictures of a monkey Obama cause it was racist but the bush monkey picture is still on websites and google. They do that to every president that is doing a bad job. Obama wasted triple the money we spent in Iraq (last six years) on the first two bills he passed. He is not even a born American and should have been impeached. But because he is black we have to give him a chance. They were quick to talk about a impeachment on Clinton over a lie. The black race is allowed many chances while the white race is torn apart and raped. Think about it. When you flip threw the T.V. you see all this hip hop/rap, gayness, and black sitcom stuff. What happen to the good white sitcoms of the 60’s and 70’s. What now, do we have to replace old sitcoms with black sicoms? Gilligans Island can not even be found on T.V. but you can see re runs of The Fresh Prince and The Bill Cosby Show on 3 or 4 channels. I been tring to get TBS to show the re runs of The Andy Griffith Show and Mayberry R.F.D. but they would not do it. In my view that would be a better thing to watch than TBS’s Wednesday night black line up. I hate the fact that we can not even find good white movies such as,”Return to Mayberry” on the internet. I can point out that if a black person wanted to find the movies of there race such as, “Boys N The Hood” or whatever it is called, they would find it. Our T.V. has more rap/ hip hop stuff than our good country music. We have more black T.V. shows, sitcoms and cartoons than we do white. Family Guy did a black spin off. What is up with that. Fox Network use to show a hour of the Simpsons and King of The Hill. Now They Have This Black Cartoon. That to me is dumb. what i hate is the fact that i go to the store and here is all these black books. What happen to the white books? There is rap cd’s and black music. Where is the country music? They have these black dvd’s. what happen to white dvd’s? Were losing the freedom. Were losing the rights. Stand up for our race.

    It can make one upset to know that there are no normal white people who hang with black people. They are either lazy trailer trash or they are a Wigger. I think strongly of our race and what we will become in ten years. If we all stop working together we will not become of what we plan. There are very few whites in America today, because people do not keep to there own race. The non- white people are the cause of us losing our jobs, paying more tax, and losing are freedom. I strongly believe it is time for the whites to stand up and be something. When the race war breaks out, our people are not going be ready in less we do something now. It is only a matter of time before we lose are freedom.

    The illegal immigrants are taking are jobs. These are not the jobs white people do not want either. Most of these jobs are the ones white people been working at all are life. They do not belong here but they get are jobs. Whats more is that are tax pays for there welfare and there only on that because they are to lazy to get a job. Are tax also pays 100.00 a day (and another 10.00 a month) for each person in jail or prison. The Illegal Immigrants is the number one race of most people locked up. They have the highest rate of drug crimes, child molesters, rapes, violence, and the list goes on. By taking the illegal immigrants out of our white country are tax will go down, jails wont be over crowded and crime will be decreased by a great number. The money we use to keep them in jail could feed Americans. What upsets me more is to know that they can call us white trash, crackers, and Honky without it being known as a racist word, but we can not say nigger, porch money, jungle bunny or anything with the word black. If it is known as a racist word to say black now than It should be known as a racist word to say white boy or any of the above. These are some rights that white people should have.

    The north Korean border illegally you get 12 years hard labor. If you cross the Afghan border you get shot. If you cross the Saudi border you will be jailed. If you cross the Chinese border you will never be heard from again. If you cross the Venezuelan border you will be branded a spy and your fate sealed. If you cross the Cuban border you will be thrown in prison to rot, However if you cross the U.S. border illegally you will get a job, a drivers license, a social security card, welfare benefits, food stamps, credit cards, subsidized rent or a loan to buy a new house, free education, free health care, the right to vote, and all without speaking a word of english Makes ya think a little bit huh?
    whitebrothersofamerica.yolasite.com

    • Dee says:

      You are a racist pig, who do you think is running the country white people that is why it is messed up. You should leave America and start a new life with your family somewhere is, because you do not belong here.

  10. Hacksaw says:

    Are violence comes from illegal immigrants and black people. If we had no Black people and illegal immigrants are crime rate would decrease by a big amount. By decreasing the crime rate jails would not be over crowded. In the state of Illinois we pay $100.00 per person who is locked up. That includes the county jail, prison, or are teenagers being locked up. On top of that we pay another $10.00 per person in prison for state pay the inmate get. Are tax Payers money pays for people to set in jail and Prison. The main reason illegal immigration and black people are in jail is due to gang violence, murder, drugs, and sex crimes. Should we have to pay inmates for crime they did on our city? On top of that are tax payers money also pays for what ever they destroyed. I do not want to pay a child molester money for the crime he did.

    Each Prison haves over 700 inmates or more. That is almost close to a thousand. In Illinois we have 26 prisons. If we add the amount of inmates (and were talking about 18,200 inmates or more.) and times that by $100.00 We would be paying $1,820,000.00 a day. We than add that by 365 days Which brings us to a total of $664,300,000.00 a year. We than must add the $10.00 per month to all 18,200 inmates. That total is another $2,104,000.00 a year. Let me remind you that this is just the state of Illinois. California has a higher rate of Illegal immigration than any state.

    illegal immigrants and black people are also on welfare more than any other race. The welfare money is coming from are tax. Jobs are closing down due to illegal immigrants. The illegal immigrants will work for $5.00 a hour. Ever store can not close to higher a bunch of border jumpers. What will that cause us. Can are jobs lower the amount of what they pay us? I can see that with are government. We pay for there tax when they should not be here. They cause more sex crimes, terrorism, drug crimes, and gang crimes than any other race. We are paying to keep them in jail and clean up there mess. We all can see that the black people are right behind them at this.

    Where does are money go if are country is broke. Were not broke. The government lied about Glober Warming. They want us to think that it was true but that they were hushing it up. In reality H.A.A.R.P. is what is the cause of are world changing. The government wont tell us that because it is another scam they hush up. To cover up the damage they start this Glober Warming scam. They will make over one trillion in cash by 2015. The H.A.A.R.P. is the cause of some earth quakes, storms, Hurricans, and other weather related damage. They than make money of each of these storms. They made billions off 9/11. I would say this country has a lot of money but we will never see it. They want us to waste are money instead.

    If we stop the immigrants from jumping the border than here are some facts that would take effect:

    The lives of 12 U.S. citizens would be saved who otherwise would die a violent death at the hands of murderous illegal aliens each day. Another 13 Americans would survive who are otherwise killed each day by uninsured drunk driving illegals. There would be no one to smuggle across our southern border the heroin, marijuana, cocaine, and other drugs. Our hospital emergency rooms would not be flooded with everything from gunshot wounds, to anchor babies, to imported diseases,giving American citizens the day off from standing in line behind illegals. Eight American children would not suffer the horror as victims of sex crimes.

    The study breaks down the 1,500 cases reviewed this way:

    * 525, or 35 %, were child molestations

    * 358, or 24 %, were rapes

    * 617, or 41 %, were sexual homicides and serial murders

    In Los Angeles, 95% of some 1,500 outstanding warrants for homicides are for illegal aliens. About 67% of the 17,000 outstanding fugitive felony warrants are for illegal aliens.There are currently over 400,000 unaccounted for illegal alien criminals with outstanding deportation orders. At least one fourth of these are hard core criminals.

    80,000 to 100,000 illegal aliens who have been convicted of serious crimes are walking the streets. Based on studies they will commit an average of 13 serious crimes per perpetrator. Illegal aliens are involved in criminal activities at a rate that is 2-5 times their representative proportion of the population. In 1980, our Federal and state facilities held fewer than 9,000 criminal aliens but at the end of 2003, approximately 267,000 illegal aliens were incarcerated in U.S. correctional facilities at a cost of about $6.8 billion per year. At least 4.5 million pounds of cocaine with a street value of at least $72 billion is smuggled across the southern border every year. 56% of illegal aliens charged with a reentry offense had previously been convicted on at least 5 prior occasions. Illegal aliens charged with unlawful reentry had the most extensive criminal histories. 90% had been previously arrested. Of those with a prior arrest, 50% had been arrested for violent or drug-related felonies.

    Illegal aliens commit between 700,000 to 1,289,000 or more crimes per year. Illegal aliens commit at least 2,158 murders each year – a number that represents three times greater participation than their proportion of the population.

    Illegal alien sexual predators commit an estimated 130,909 sexual crimes each year. There may be as many as 240,000 illegal alien sex offenders circulating throughout America. Based on studies, they will commit an average of 8 sex crimes per perpetrator before being caught. Nearly 63% of illegal alien sex offenders had been deported on another offense prior to committing the sex crime. Only 2% of the illegal alien sex offenders in one study had no history of criminal behavior, beyond crossing the border illegally. In Operation Predator, ICE arrested and deported 6,085 illegal alien pedophiles. Some studies suggest each pedophile molests average of 148 children. If so, that could be as many as 900,580 victims. (Nobody knows how big the Sex Slave problem is but it is enormous.)

    The very brutal MS-13 gang has over 15,000 members and associates in at least 115 different cliques in 33 states. The overall financial impact of illegal alien crimes is estimated at between $14.4 and $81 billion or more per year. Factor in the crime as a result of the cocaine and other drugs being smuggled in and the number may reach $150 billion per year. The illegal alien population of the U.S. is about 20 million – roughly the population of New York State. Between 4 and 6 million jobs have shifted to the underground economy since 1990. These are not “jobs Americans won’t do, but rather jobs Americans used to do.

    On the revenue side, the United States may be foregoing $35 billion a year in income tax collections because of the number of jobs that are now off the books.

    There are approximately 5 million illegal workers who are collecting wages on a cash basis and are avoiding both income and FICA taxes. The United States is hooked on cheap, illegal workers and is deferring the costs of providing public services to these quasi-Americans.

    If this was a white country: Our jails would not be over crowded, Our tax will lower due to less inmates, And there will be a very low if any crime and drug rate. We would not have to Think about all this “blackness” and “gayness” that we see and hear.

    • Isabel says:

      As a Mexican-American I can honestly say you are stereotyping and the way you think is completely racist. But if that is your standpoint I’m not going to stand here and say how illegal immigrants take over jobs in America not only because they do get paid less but because they work a lot faster than white people and go off about how white people are lazy and so on. All I am going to say is that we are now seeing an increase children from immigrants getting educated and I think this will serve as a strong point as to why immigrants are just dumb people working for $5 and hour… On the other hand, I do agree that black people have been around for a very long time and have not progressed what so ever… You walk into a black neighborhood and you can’t help but look over your shoulders every 2 seconds… To finish up I am going to say that I am currently an undergraduate biology major at a highly ranked university and I am at the top of my graduating class in track to graduating with summa cum laude with a higher GPA than all of the other biology majors that are white, or any other race, do don’t make judgement about how Americans are the smartest because I am clearly ahead of all the Americans in my classes. I cannot say that Mexicans are perfect and I will admit everytime I see a Mexican in the news I reflect on how that one person has affected the name of our whole race and it disappoints me, but people like me are working very hard to get that reputation up and prove other racist people wrong.. But I’ll tell you, every single white person in my classes had a different view of Mexicans after they had a class with me.

  11. DC Darensburg says:

    Hacksaw, there is nothing wrong with having pride in your European heritage. Unfortunately your history is a little fuzzy and your opinion is formed by bias not fact. Slavery is and was wrong in every culture, biblical or not. It was legal and still is in some culture, but forced servitude is inhumane! Blacks in the US are not the sole source of crime! The assumption you make is completely unsubstantiated by statistical data.

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